Hepato-protective potential of carotenoid meso-zeaxanthin against paracetamol, CCl4 and ethanol induced toxicity
Indian journal of experimental biology
Hepato-protective potential of carotenoid meso-zeaxanthin [(3R, 3'S)-beta, beta-carotene-3, 3'-diol] was studied using in vivo rat models. Paracetamol (3 g/kg body wt, orally), 20% ethanol (7.5 g/kg body wt, orally) and CCl4 (2.5 ml /kg, ip) were used as hepato toxins. Levels of marker enzymes of hepatic injury such as serum glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase, serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase and alkaline phosphatase, and serum bilirubin, which were drastically elevated by these hepato
... by these hepato toxins were significantly decreased by meso-zeaxanthin pretreatment in a dose-dependent manner. Oxidative stress markers, tissue lipid peroxidation, conjugated dienes and tissue hydroperoxides, were high in the paracetamol treated control group animals, which were lowered by meso-zeaxanthin administration. Level of glutathione and antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase, in liver tissue was increased by meso-zeaxanthin pretreatment compared to control group during alcohol and CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity. Hydroxyproline, an indicator of fibrosis in liver tissue, decreased remarkably by meso-zeaxanthin administration despite its notable elevation in ethanol treated rats. Histopathological analysis of liver tissue showed the hepatoprotective potential of meso-zeaxanthin.