Optimal DN encoding for CCD detectors [article]

Robert L. Seaman, Richard L. White, William D. Pence
2009 arXiv   pre-print
Image compression has been a frequent topic of presentations at ADASS. Compression is often viewed as just a technique to fit more data into a smaller space. Rather, the packing of data - its "density" - affects every facet of local data handling, long distance data transport, and the end-to-end throughput of workflows. In short, compression is one aspect of proper data structuring. For example, with FITS tile compression the efficient representation of data is combined with an expressive
more » ... ical paradigm for its manipulation. A deeper question remains. Not just how best to represent the data, but which data to represent. CCDs are linear devices. What does this mean? One thing it does not mean is that the analog-to-digital conversion of pixels must be stored using linear data numbers (DN). An alternative strategy of using non- linear representations is presented, with one motivation being to magnify the efficiency of numerical compression algorithms such as Rice.
arXiv:0910.3733v1 fatcat:b3mkmc4hgnaqfn6jomfsvnh7ti