SEVERAL EPISODES OF THE IMPERIAL LANGUAGE POLICY IN THE BALTIC PROVINCES IN 1860—1870s
ИЗ ИСТОРИИ ИМПЕРСКОЙ ЯЗЫКОВОЙ ПОЛИТИКИ В ПРИБАЛТИЙСКОМ КРАЕ 60—70-х гг. XIX в

Evgeniya NAZAROVA
2017 Nordic and Baltic Studies Review  
The author examines documents from the archive of the Moscow Educational Region which reflect three aspects of the problem of the spread of the Russian language in the Baltic provinces: 1. The bad teaching of the Russian language in the Baltic provinces and poor knowledge of the Russian language by high school graduates in the region. 2. The attempts of Estland governor M. Galkin-Vrassky to find Russian officials for his provincial administrative staff among the graduates of the Moscow
more » ... the Moscow University in 1869; 3. The history of the training of teachers of the Russian language for the Dorpat Educational Region which took place in the Moscow University in 1870s. The documents show that the profession of a teacher of the Russian language was not considered as prestigious both by Russian and Baltic German students. Thus, the government's intention to introduce the Russian language in the Baltic region in the provincial administration was not realized properly. The attempt to teach Russian as an obligatory school-subject in the Baltic German gymnasiums was not successful too. A serious mistake of the imperial language police in the Baltic provinces was the reluctance of the authorities to use well educated Estonians and Latvians as teachers and officials in this region, although they were more inclined to serve to the state as Baltic Germans. The failure of this language program stimulated the imperial authorities to more radical Russification of the Baltic region, which was supported by a part of the Russian society. The wide Russification in the Baltic region took place in the reign of Alexander III.
doi:10.15393/j103.art.2017.744 fatcat:52mop5d67zbvtd3qzdz2flbxs4