The use of monoclonal antibody (Rituximab) in the treatment of type II mixed cryoglobulinemia

Thiago Carlos Gonçalves Rego, Celso Mitsushi Massumoto, Rodrigo Siqueira Batista, Larissa Hanauer de Moura, Lygia Maria Costa Soares, Andréia Patrícia Gomes
2007 Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases  
Anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody has been successfully used to treat several self-immune diseases. The authors report the case of a 71 year-old female patient under the use of pegylated form of interferon á associated with ribavirin for the treatment of hepatitis C, who, after concluding the therapeutic program -negative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) -developed a severe cutaneous vasculitis, receiving the diagnostic of type II mixed cryoglobulinemia. Four sessions of plasmapheresis were
more » ... resis were prescribed along the period of 11 days, with no result. The choice made was to administer anti-CD 20 monoclonal antibody (rituximab), 375 mg/m², per week, during four consecutive weeks. One could observe fast recovery from the purpura, as well as total remission of urticaria.
doi:10.1590/s1413-86702007000100038 pmid:17625752 fatcat:a3f4mx6sgrdyhjraqwyxadleyy