Benthic foraminifera as trophic links between phytodetritus and benthic metazoans: carbon and nitrogen isotopic evidence

H Nomaki, NO Ogawa, N Ohkouchi, H Suga, T Toyofuku, M Shimanaga, T Nakatsuka, H Kitazato
2008 Marine Ecology Progress Series  
We examined the trophic levels of deep-sea benthic foraminifera and metazoans based on stable carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions of soft tissue to evaluate the role of foraminifera in deep-sea benthic ecosystems. Living benthic foraminifera and metazoans were collected from 2 bathyal sites in Sagami Bay, Japan (water depths 750 and 1430 m) on 3 occasions (
doi:10.3354/meps07309 fatcat:xqhs6p7wlvd47aovuvt6c233aq