Calcium oxalate urolithiasis

Kelly Gisselman, Cathy Langston, Douglas Palma, John McCue
2009 Compendium (Yardley, PA)  
Calcium oxalate (CaOx) uroliths are one of the most common urolith types in dogs, cats, and humans. Many factors predispose animals to CaOx uroliths, including breed, old age, obesity, male sex, being neutered, and certain diseases. Because there are no effective strategies for medical dissolution of these uroliths, management should focus on physical removal (by surgical or nonsurgical methods) and prevention, especially in patients with recurring uroliths, high-risk breeds, and animals with
more » ... and animals with predisposing diseases. Prevention focuses on diet modification, primarily to increase water intake, and the appropriate use or avoidance of specific medications.
pmid:20180219 fatcat:p3yzbj6wpvd77drk6td6pfzm3e