Risiko Ergonomi dan Keluhan Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) pada Pengrajin Tenun di Palembang

Tiara Putri Yosineba, Erial Bahar, Msy Rulan Adnindya
2020 Jurnal Kedokteran Kesehatan Universitas Sriwijaya  
Abstrak Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) adalah gangguan yang ditandai dengan terjadinya cedera pada otot, tendon, ligamen, saraf, sendi, kartilago, tulang, atau pembuluh darah. Salah satu faktor risiko MSDs adalah postur kerja. Pengrajin tenun merupakan salah satu pekerjaan yang terancam mengalami keluhan MSDs karena mempunyai postur kerja yang berisiko yaitu posisi duduk yang statis dalam waktu yang lama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui korelasi antara risiko ergonomi terkait postur
more » ... nomi terkait postur kerja dengan keluhan MSDs pada Pengrajin Tenun di Palembang. Penelitian ini bersifat observasional analitik dengan desain cross-sectional. Sampel penelitian merupakan pengrajin Tenun di Palembang yang berjumlah 35 orang. Variabel keluhan MSDs pada pekerja dinilai dengan cara wawancara berdasarkan kuesioner Nordic Body Map (NBM) dan variabel risiko egonomi terkait postur kerja dinilai berdasarkan lembar kerja Rapid Upper Limb Assesment (RULA). Data yang telah dikumpulkan dianalisis menggunakan analisis korelasi spearman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada proses memproduksi tenun terdapat dua kategori postur kerja yaitu postur kerja risiko tinggi (88.6%) dan postur kerja risiko sangat ringgi (11.4%). Hasil penelitian juga menunjukkan bahwa lokasi keluhan MSDs yang paling banyak dirasakan oleh pekerja adalah leher atas (67.5%), leher bawah (57.1%), pinggang (54.1%) dan pinggul (42.9%). Hasil analisis korelasi spearman menunjukkan terdapat korelasi sedang (r=0.573) yang signifikan (p=0.000) antara risiko ergonomi dan keluhan MSDs.. Abstract Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are disorders characterized by injuries in the muscles, ligaments, nerves, joints, cartilages, bones, or blood vessels. One of the many risk factors for MSDs is work posture. Weaving craftsmen are threatened with MSDs symptoms because they have a risky work posture, which is a static sitting position for a long time and various awkward postures such as turning, bending and reaching. This study aimed to determine the correlation of ergonomic risk and symptoms of MSDs among weavers in Palembang. The study was an analytic observational with cross-sectional design. The sample of this study was weavers in Palembang, which were 35 workers. The symptoms of MSDs were assessed by an interview based on the Nordic Body Map (NBM) questionnaire whereas ergonomic risks were assessed by using Rapid Upper Limb Assesment (RULA) worksheet. The data collected were analyzed using Spearman correlation analysis. The results showed that in the process of producing weaving there were two categories of work posture, those were high-risk work posture (88.6%) and very high-risk work posture (11.4%). The results also showed that the most common symptoms of MSDs were located in the upper neck (67.5%), lower neck (57.1%), waist (54.1%) and hip (42.9%). The result of Spearman correlation analysis showed that there was a significant moderate correlation (r=0.573 ; p =0.000) between ergonomic risk and symptoms of MSDs.
doi:10.32539/jkk.v7i1.10699 fatcat:mhqwj4kbabcfrojkem5hefcdny