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This study examines the relationship between CO2 emission, economic growth, population and energy consumption in Pakistan during period of 1975-2016. The study evaluates IPAT (Impact of CO2 x Population x Affluence x Technology) hypothesis where CO2 emission is influence by high population growth, economic growth, and technology. The study use ARDL bounds testing approach to estimate short and long run elasticities. The results confirm that population growth and energy demand both increase thedoi:10.20448/journal.501.2018.52.183.190 fatcat:hha7wtddmzh5ffxnjzzgxrjtia