RUNX2 expression during early healing of tooth-extraction wounds in rats

Hirotaka Sato, Yutaka Takaoka
2015 Journal of Oral Science  
Determining the molecular mechanisms involved in the healing of wounds created by tooth extraction will likely increase understanding of jawbone healing after dental surgery. Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) is required for mesenchymal stem cells to differentiate to osteoprogenitor cells. Therefore, we used a rat model to analyze RUNX2 expression during wound-socket healing after tooth extraction. Immunohistochemical analyses of wound tissue immediately after tooth extraction
more » ... extraction revealed RUNX2 expression in monocytic cells in the coagulum and, to a lesser extent, in remnants of the periodontal ligament. Shortly thereafter, fibroblastic cells proliferated in the coagulum and large polymorphic cells were enclosed within the newly formed bone matrix. Western blot analysis showed that RUNX2 expression peaked from 12 h to 1 day after extraction and then rapidly declined. These findings indicate that the osteogenic commitment of cells derived from hematopoietic tissue in the extraction wound was greater than that of cells in remnants of the periodontal ligament. Thus, cells derived mainly from hematopoietic tissue and RUNX2 expression are essential in the differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells to osteoprogenitor cells immediately after tooth extraction. (J Oral Sci 57, 319-325, 2015)
doi:10.2334/josnusd.57.319 pmid:26666855 fatcat:sztzxsyu65ainpuaqz4vhfuqku