Effect of reserpine on Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing mediated virulence factors and biofilm formation

Debaprasad Parai, Malabika Banerjee, Pia Dey, Arindam Chakraborty, Ekramul Islam, Samir Kumar Mukherjee
2018 Figshare  
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of reserpine, a plant-derived indole-alkaloid, against Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 biofilms. The anti-biofilm activity of reserpine was evaluated by crystal violet staining, MTT assay, confocal laser scanning microscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Reserpine effects were also assessed by qRT-PCR of quorum sensing (QS)-regulated genes and biochemical quantification of the QS-mediated virulence factors pyocyanin, rhamnolipids, proteases and elastases.
more » ... ses and elastases. Reserpine reduced biofilm formation, cell motility, virulence factor production, and QS-controlled gene expression. Additionally, molecular docking analysis for AHL synthase LasI and QS transcriptional regulators LasR/MvfR revealed a plausible molecular mechanisms of reserpine QS inhibition. These findings provide insights into the underlying mode of action of reserpine, which may be useful in the development of new drugs against biofilm-related infections.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.5928253 fatcat:fo6aygooprd2vi4kgisffanqbm