Failure Analysis of SAC305 Ball Grid Array Solder Joint at Extremely Cryogenic Temperature

Yanruoyue Li, Xiaojun Yan, Guicui Fu, Bo Wan, Maogong Jiang, Weifang Zhang
2020 Applied Sciences  
To verify the reliability of a typical Pb-free circuit board applied for space exploration, five circuits were put into low temperature and shock test. However, after the test, memories on all five circuits were out of function. To investigate the cause of the failure, a series of methods for failure analysis was carried out, including X-ray detection, cross-section analysis, Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) analysis, and contrast test. Through failure analysis, the failure was located in the
more » ... was located in the Pb-free (Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu) solder joint, and we confirmed that the failure occurred because of the low temperature and change of fracture characteristic of Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu (SAC305). A verification test was conducted to verify the failure mechanism. Through analyzing data and fracture surface morphology, the cause of failure was ascertained. At low temperature, the fracture characteristic of SAC305 changed from ductileness to brittleness. The crack occurred at solder joints because of stress loaded by shock test. When the crack reached a specific length, the failure occurred. The temperature of the material's characteristic change was −70 °C– −80 °C. It could be a reference for Pb-free circuit board use in a space environment.
doi:10.3390/app10061951 fatcat:gisylcv6t5cz7ihsuyfsh7gmfi