Interlayer Structures and Dynamics of Arsenate and Arsenite Intercalated Layered Double Hydroxides: A First Principles Study

Yingchun Zhang, Xiandong Liu, Chi Zhang, Mengjia He, Xiancai Lu
2017 Minerals  
In this study, by using first principles simulation techniques, we explored the basal spacings, interlayer structures, and dynamics of arsenite and arsenate intercalated Layered double hydroxides (LDHs). Our results confirm that the basal spacings of NO 3 − -LDHs increase with layer charge densities. It is found that Arsenic (As) species can enter the gallery spaces of LDHs with a Mg/Al ratio of 2:1 but they cannot enter those with lower charge densities. Interlayer species show layering
more » ... how layering distributions. All anions form a single layer distribution while water molecules form a single layer distribution at low layer charge density and a double layer distribution at high layer charge densities. H 2 AsO 4 − has two orientations in the interlayer regions (i.e., one with its three folds axis normal to the layer sheets and another with its two folds axis normal to the layer sheets), and only the latter is observed for HAsO 4 2− . H 2 AsO 3 − orientates in a tilt-lying way. The mobility of water and NO 3 − increases with the layer charge densities while As species have very low mobility. Our simulations provide microscopic information of As intercalated LDHs, which can be used for further understanding of the structures of oxy-anion intercalated LDHs.
doi:10.3390/min7040053 fatcat:epvlvwgxdva43ekwkuioef3nya