Consumption of Sports and Energy Drinks by High School Athletes in the United States: A Pilot Study

Sarah Fields, James MacDonald, Allan Joseph, Loren Wold, Christy Collins, R. Comstock
2015 Beverages  
Sports and energy (S/E) drinks are commonly used by high school (HS) athletes, yet little is known about this population's consumption patterns or the drinks' side-effects. The objectives of this pilot study were to survey HS athletes about their use of S/E drinks and assess potential side-effects. One hundred American HS athletes (72 were female; 27 were male; one did not identify gender) were part of a cross-sectional internet-based survey. The mean age of the athletes was 16.0 ± 1.1 years.
more » ... 16.0 ± 1.1 years. The athletes self-reported S/E consumption patterns, motivations for consumption, and drink side-effects. Nearly two-thirds (59.5%) of athletes surveyed were at least occasional users of sports drinks, and more than OPEN ACCESS Beverages 2015, 1 219 one-third (37.3%) were at least occasional users of energy drinks. Of the athletes who had ever drunk an S/E drink, 49.5% drank their first sport drink at ≤ 8 years and 41.3% consumed their first energy drink ≤ 11-12 years of age. The most common motivation for consumption of sports drinks was to rehydrate (84.1%) and of energy drinks was to gain energy (61.8%). Side effects of S/E drinks were frequently reported; 25.3% of energy drink users reporting being nervous/jittery after consumption. Thus HS athletes should be cautioned about consumption of S/E drinks until more is understood about their short-and long-term side-effects.
doi:10.3390/beverages1030218 fatcat:qqjftfc3bnebfgseypqkntw3c4