Impact of the Kocher maneuver on anastomotic leak after esophagogastrostomy in combined thoracoscopic-laparoscopic esophagectomy
Fujita medical journal
Objectives: Anastomotic leak is a common complication after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. This study evaluated the impact of the Kocher maneuver on the incidence of anastomotic leak following esophagogastrostomy using a 3-cm-wide gastric conduit. Methods: This single-institution, retrospective, cohort study included 43 patients who underwent thoracolaparoscopic esophagectomy. The Kocher maneuver was not performed in the first half of the study period between April 2014 and May 2015
... and May 2015 (first half group, n=14), but was performed in the second half between May 2015 and January 2017 (second half group, n=29). Primary endpoint was the incidence of anastomotic leak. Metrological values of the gastric conduit were postoperatively assessed on computed tomography. Blood perfusion of the gastric conduit was prospectively examined using the indocyanine green fluorescence method. Results: The incidence of anastomotic leak was 14%; the incidence was significantly lower in the second half group than in the first half group (3.4% vs. 35.7%, p=0.01). The Kocher maneuver was the only significant independent risk factor associated with anastomotic leak (OR 0.064, 95% CI 0.007-0.625, p=0.018). The postoperative length of the entire gastric conduit was significantly shorter in the second half group than in the first half group. A more anal location of the 3-cm-wide gastric conduit was associated with better blood perfusion. Conclusions: The Kocher maneuver may enable shortening of the gastric conduit, leading to better blood perfusion of the tip of the gastric conduit, and a significant reduction in the occurrence of anastomotic leak.