A Cross sectional study to determine the prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus and its household awareness in the rural field practice areas of a medical college in Mangalore - A Pilot Study
Journal of Health and Allied Sciences NU
Introduction: Diabetes mellitus is a major clinical and public health problem accounting for 4.6 million deaths annually world-wide. According to the recent World Health Organization report (WHO), India today leads the world with over 32 million diabetic patients and this number is projected to increase to 79.4 million by the year 2030(2). The recent surveys indicate that Diabetes now affects a large part of the population i.e. 10-16% of urban and 5-8% of rural population in India(1).
... India(1). Objectives: This study aims at estimating the prevalence of diabetes, the household awareness, the pattern and regularity of health seeking behaviour among the households for diabetes. Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted among 40 households of Kuttar and Manjanady village of semi urban Mangalore. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire after pre-testing. Questions on awareness were prioritised, scored and then analysed. Likert scale was used to grade the awareness score. Results: Community prevalence of diabetes was found to be 7.7%. Out of the total population 8.8% of males and 6.8% of females were diabetics. Among the diabetics male and female distribution was equal i.e. 50%. Among the 7.7% of diabetics 50% of the subjects also had Hypertension. Awareness was average among 35% of the subjects. About 27.5% had poor score and 37.5% had very poor score for the awareness. Conclusions: Community prevalence was low. Lifestyle modification was not present among Diabetics. Awareness was poor among the households.