Single-cell transcriptomic analysis elucidates APOE genotype specific changes across cell types in two brain regions in Alzheimer's disease [post]

Stella Belonwu, Yaqiao Li, Daniel Bunis, Arjun Arkal Rao, Caroline Warly Solsberg, Tomiko Oskotsky, Alice Taubes, Brian Grone, Kelly Zalocusky, Gabriela Fragiadakis, Yadong Huang, Marina Sirota
2021 unpublished
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a complex neurodegenerative disease that gravely affects patients and imposes an immense burden on caregivers. Apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) has been identified as the most common genetic risk factor for AD, yet the molecular mechanisms connecting APOE4 to AD are not well understood. Past transcriptomic analyses in AD have revealed APOE genotype-specific transcriptomic differences; however, these differences have not been explored at a single-cell level. Here, we
more » ... l. Here, we leverage the first two single-nucleus RNA sequencing AD datasets from human brain samples, including nearly 55,000 cells from the prefrontal and entorhinal cortices. We observed more global transcriptomic changes in APOE4 positive AD cells and identified differences across APOE genotypes primarily in glial cell types. Our findings highlight the differential transcriptomic perturbations of APOE isoforms at a single-cell level in AD pathogenesis and have implications for precision medicine development in the diagnosis and treatment of AD.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:5ibqm2gbunam5jk6mpwbwirkcu