Recent Literature The Dispensatory of the United States of America . By Dr. George B. Wood and Dr. Franklin Bache. Fifteenth edition, rearranged, thoroughly revised, and largely rewritten, with Illustrations. By H. C. Wood, M. D., J. P. Remington, Ph. G., and S. P. Sadtler, Ph. D., F. C. S. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1883. Pages x., 1928. 8vo
Boston Medical and Surgical Journal
State, that it strengthened, indirectly, cardiac contractility. In addition it contributed to this result by a moderate stimulating action upon the different sources of nerve supply to the heart. The conclusions which he derived from the cases reported were as follows : -(1.) In caffeine and convallaria we have two efficient heart tonics. (2.) The diuretic action of caffeine is more marked than that of convallaria. (3.) Convallaria is well borne by the stomachs of most patients suffering from
... ts suffering from chronic cardiac disorders. (4.) When not well borne, rejection of the medicine by the stomach is probably due to the uraemic condition already commencing. (5.) As cardiac tonics it is difficult as yet to assign a decided superiority to either of these drugs, both of them giving increased cardiac power. (6.) Cumulative effects do not occur from their continued use during a period of ten days or more. (7.) Their power of restoring the rhythm to the cardiac pulsations and increasing the quantity of urine is not equal to that of the infusion of digitalis. (8.) In this latter drug we have still the most efficient heart tonic aud regulator that has been discovered. (9.) Digitalis is a more powerful diuretic than caffeine. In regard to nitro-glycerine, Dr. Robinson explained that the cases which had been under his observation, with two exceptions, had not hitherto seemed to require its use, and he had nothing, therefore, to present at that time concerning the action of this remedy. The United States Dispensatory as a commentary upon the Pharmacopoeia has followed the late changes in that work, and now has alphabetically arranged in part one the first and second parts of its former editions. The former part three now becoming part two, while part three now contains the former appendices, with various new miscellaneous matter such as the officinal tests, various tables, and analyses of all the American mineral springs of known medical value, with a number of well-known European waters. The amount of new matter added may be judged from the fact that the index of this revision contains about five thousand, or fifty per cent., more titles than did the last, including however among these the Ger-man and French synonyms never before indexed. A novel feature of this edition is the giving upon a separate line the proper English pronunciation of the officinal titles, the words being divided into syllables, accented, and the pronunciation indicated by diacritical marks. The descriptive Materia Medica has received the little revision necessary to be in accord with the more modern researches. The drug illustrations are with three minor exceptions original, aud the very accurate representations of microscopic sections will be of service to students of structural characteristics. The medical properties and uses of drugs have been very largely rewritten, the special individual opinion of the senior editor being particularly noticeable iu certain portions. The chemical portions have received important changes. All reactions and chemical discussions are now based upon the modern notation. The pharmaceutical portion is almost entirely new, largely necessitated by the pharmacopoeia adopting parts by weight alone in its working formulae. This edition, however, gives them also in a form adapted to the use of those who prefer to measure the fluids, by giving them in terms of avoirdupois ounces and wine fluid ounces. They would, however, have approximated more closely to the simple relations of the officinal formulae had fluid ounces of the imperial measure instead of the wine been used, for this aud the ounce used, like the gramme and the cubic centimetre, both weigh the same. The doses are given as in former editions but with the metric equivalents added in parentheses. This edition does credit to the three years of careful revision which it has received at the hands of its three editors, and to its publishers for their good taste in the type, printing, paper, aud binding in which they have issued it. The work is such a very serviceable commentary upon the United States Pharmacopoeia as to render it well nigh indispensable to every physician and pharrnacist as a supplement to that work. The third part of Professor Allen's work has appeared with a commendable promptness which the reviewer regrets he has been prevented from imitating. We are inclined to think it will strengthen the favorable impression which the first two parts have produced. The general properties of muscles, their shapes, actions, and variations, are discussed in the opening chapter in a very satisfactory manner. We would call attention to some very judicious remarks in a foot-note showing the danger of error iu accepting too readily the results of post mortem experiments to prove what muscles are ruptured in dislocations. The descriptions of the individual muscles are, as a whole, very satisfactory. We occasionally meet with facts that are new to us and again notice omissions. The account of the muscles of the lips and mouth is hardly as minute as it should be-We are not satisfied to be told that certain muscles are inserted into the lips, when in fact their fibres go far towards making up the complex group of fibres for which Professor Allen retains the name " orbicularis,"