Anabolic Steroids: A Study of High School Athletes

Charles B. Corbin, Steven A. Feyrer-Melk, Craig Phelps, Lisa Lewis
1994 Pediatric Exercise Science  
A group of 1,680 high school athletes were studied to determine factors associated with anabolic steroid use. A questionnaire assessed personal factors and steroid use, behavior of others and steroid use, and availability of anabolic steroids. Use rates were 1.1% for females and 2.4% for males. Steroids were more readily available to males, who also reported knowing more steroid users than did females. Older athletes were more likely to consider steroid use, but differences in use rate were not
more » ... significant from Grade 8 to 12. Using discriminant analysis, significant differences ( p < .001) were found for profiles of steroid users and nonusers for both males and females. For both males and females, personal factors such as having considered steroid use, a willingness to use them if they were legal, and a willingness to use them if they could insure success in sports were the most useful in classifying athletes as steroid users versus nonusers.
doi:10.1123/pes.6.2.149 fatcat:2gqbukapnbe37n6ibm7iyte424