EFFICACY OF LOW-DOSE THROMBOLYSIS WITH INTRAVENOUS ALTEPLASE WITHIN 6 H OF ACUTE ISCHEMIC STROKE ONSET: EVIDENCE FROM SINGLE REFERRAL CENTER IN INDONESIA

Al Rasyid, Salim Harris, Mohammad Kurniawan, Taufik Mesiano, Rakhmad Hidayat, Herqutanto, Meity Asyari Rahmadhani
2019 International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences  
Objective: This study evaluated the efficacy of thrombolysis with 0.6 mg/kg intravenous alteplase for acute ischemic stroke patients within 6 h of stroke onset. Methods: This cross-sectional study collected data of patients with ischemic stroke received intravenous thrombolytic therapy with 0.6 mg/kg alteplase within 6 h of onset in Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital (Rumah Sakit Cipto Mangunkusumo [RSCM]) between November 2014 and August 2017. Efficacy of the thrombolytic therapy was
more » ... herapy was evaluated using the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) and modified Rankin Scale (mRS). NIHSS evaluated on 24 h and 7 d post thrombolytic therapy portrayed clinical outcomes of patients while mRS evaluated on day 30 post-thrombolysis portrayed the functional outcome of patients. Results: The median NIHSS score decreased on 24 h and 7 d post-thrombolysis. 33.3% patients experienced a reduction of NIHSS score ≥4 on 24 h post thrombolytic therapy. On day 7 following thrombolysis, 57.4% patients had a good clinical outcome. On day 30 follow-up, 55.6% patients had a good functional outcome. Conclusion: Thrombolysis using 0.6 mg/kg intravenous alteplase within 6 h of onset is effective for acute ischemic stroke patients.
doi:10.22159/ijpps.2019v11i8.34029 fatcat:ke6k5ttfnnelfadworo3fac7yu