Personality Traits in Patients Affected with Flood - A Hospital Based Study
Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land which is usually dry. Disasters not only have impact on the morbidity and mortality of the local population but also disrupt progress and destroy the outcome of developmental efforts over several years, often pushing nations' quest for progress back by several decades. A typical pattern of mental, emotional, and physical response is observed in the majority of people after exposure to any disaster. The combination of cloud bursts, floods, and
... ursts, floods, and landslides triggered on 4th 5th and 6th September 2014 affected almost whole of Kashmir and some areas of Jammu as well. Research in this area can provide newer insights in prevention and management of patients who seem vulnerable in developing personality disorder. Aims: 1) To study socio demographic characteristics of patients affected with flood. 2) To study personality traits in these patients Methods and Materials: It was a cross-sectional observational study carried out in tertiary hospital in Srinagar. Patients affected with flood referred to psychiatry for opinion and willing to participate were included. Socio demographic details were obtained through self designed proforma. International personality disorder examination (IPDE) was used to diagnose personality traits in such patients. Results: Majority of the patients affected with flood (68%) were of young age group (15) (16) (17) (18) (19)(20)(21)(22)(23)(24)(25)(26)(27) years with male predominance (62%) were unmarried (38%) and belonged to Muslim (94%) Nuclear (58%) family. Histrionic personality (27%) was found to be personality traits in majority of the patients followed by dissocial personality (16%). Conclusion: Patient affected with flood at our setting had a distinctive pattern which was different from the norm.