Work, Slums And Informal Settlements Traditions

Ana Rosa Chavas Cavalcanti
2019
This report proposes patterns, guidelines and principles for use in the design of social housing, derived from the existing "self-help" context of slums in Brazil. It is based on findings from seven years of ethnographic field observation in the Favela Grota de Santo Antonio (2008–2015). The research revealed that the presence of work activities (which generally happen within residences) has greatly modified architectural space within the favela. From a post-neoliberal point of view, the report
more » ... of view, the report also offers a global critique of the planning of social housing with regards to issues of labor. This report seeks to offer a new interpretation of informal settlements and the design of social housing based on an analysis of the labor practices of the residents of Brazilian favelas observed extensively in the field over the course of seven years. Following the framework developed in past IASTE publications, these practices will be considered open-ended traditions, which may serve as a "foil for exploring the contested subjectivities involved in producing and/or occupying space" (AlSayyad, 1990, p. 6). The report is based on a case study in the city of Maceió (in Alagoas state, Brazil), but as will be demonstrated, its conclusions may be extended to informal settlements around the world. In fact, the report aims to address a range of assumptions and paradoxes surrounding current theories related to informal settlements. It also reflects on the way the architecture and planning of such settlements are being taught and conceived. In this regard, its primary intent is to link an analysis of systems of labor to the design of the informal city, a connection that planning and design literature has yet to adequately explore. The field-observation phase of the research started in 2008, with the aim of exploring the dynamics of life and the daily practices of inhabitants in some of the poorest slums in Brazil These included the Favela Sururu de Capote (FSC) and the Grota do Telegrafo (GDT), also known as Favela Grota de Santo Anton [...]
doi:10.7480/abe.2019.8.3933 fatcat:fgrb65qdzjdgnll5ptpofg4sh4