First Language Acquisition: the Temperament of the Mother and Preverbal Communication
Az anya személyiségjegyeinek hatása a csecsemő preverbális kommunikációjára

Ildikó Koós
2015 Képzés és Gyakorlat neveléstudományi folyóirat  
The present study made an attempt to look into the linguistic characteristics strongly related to the mother's temperament vis-à-vis the success of the early communication with their infants. By comparing percentage data we can conclude that all of the mothers characterised along the scales unstable-stable and introvert--extrovert do use motherese strategies, out of which scenarios given by affirmative intonation, the various communication functions and the verbal paradigm were analysed. We
more » ... re analysed. We found that the stage and the frequency at which these language features were used varied significantly and strongly depended on the mother's personality factors. We can therefore establish that mothers with different temperaments can be characterised by a different combination of language strategies facilitating first language acquisition. No mother temperament displayed a total lack of motherese elements. The role of the motherese Mothers wish to communicate with their infants already in the course of the first twelve months. As part of linguistic socialisation and depending on the cultural community, they employ language strategies facilitating L1 acquisition, raising a growing communication demand as the infant grows. This linguistic behaviour of the mother is called a motherese, encompassing communication functions, the characteristic distribution of the paradigmatic features of verbs, (not) initiating and keeping eye-contact, words of motherese, characteristic use of supra-segmental factors and meta-communication signs and the special content of the utterances directed at the infant. The framework of early communication (cf. Réger 1990) is determined by the presence or absence of these factors, varying individually. If motherese shows a strong presence in the linguistic socialisation environment, the infant in this environment shows preverbal and kinetic behaviour patterns at an early stage, which serve to establish a contact with the environment, and are thus parts of the so-called early preverbal communication including various sorts of cries, smiles, the initiation and keeping of eyecontact and the quantity and frequency of crowing. The beginning of L1 acquisition, that is, the success of early parent-infant communication depends largely on the presence and combination of the elements of motherese (c.f. Bruner 1980; Dore 1980; Lengyel 1981). The motherese strategies of the mother is triggered by a social, genetic and pedagogical "programme", "based on human existence and culture-dependent micro-and macro-social
doi:10.17165/tp.2015.1-2.20 fatcat:br7vejyr6zf7vhefoptqpelwjm