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Lecture notes in Energy
The current energy transition can be viewed as the fourth in a series of similar fundamental structural transformations of the global energy sector. V. Smil defines the first energy transition-from biomass to coal-as the period between 1840 and 1890 during which the share of coal in the energy balance increased from 5 to 50% (Smil 2018). The second energy transition is associated with the fast penetration of oil-its share grew from 3% in 1915 to 45% by 1975-and the third transition involved thedoi:10.1007/978-3-030-39066-2_5 fatcat:t66yuqxanfcnpobn6ycgpzm2hi