RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INTERNET ADDICTION IN ADOLESCENTS AND FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Gülsen KILINÇ
2019 Journal of International Social Research  
Internet usage increases and becomes problematic gradually in adolescents. with various combinations of the key words. With scanning the key words, 1017 studies were analyzed based on titles. Summaries of 309 studies saved as a title were investigated. As a result of investigations made according to titles and summaries, 7 studies got involved in the research. Studies involved in the research show that internet addiction problem exists almost in every continent of the world. Adolescents having
more » ... Adolescents having not a healthy family relationship with their parents has an important role in developing internet addiction. Results of the research being a guide for psychiatric nursing practices and making a contribution on the literature are aimed. -614 - Conclusion 2.4. Characteristics of the sample Studies that are included in the review are held between 2013-2017. The sample of the study consists of adolescents with the lowest 14.8 and highest 20.59 average ages. Studies indicate that samples consist at most 5122 (Xu et al., 2014,112) and at least 166 people (Gunuc & Dogan, 2013 , 2197-2207. All studies are planned to be cross sectional and descriptive. Support. Lastly, Bleakley et al. (2016) have used anonymous questionnaires that question the relationship between problematic internet use and parental monitoring, parental mediation of internet use, and estimated time their children spent using computer by parents. Obtained Results The obtained results from collected studies were evaluated under two titles. These titles are: "the relationship between family functioning and internet addiction in adolescents" and "the relationship between parent-adolescent relationship and internet addiction." The Relationship Between Family Functioning and Internet Addiction in Adolescents Family functioning is assessed in 2 studies. The first one is the research of Shi et al., The Chinese Family Assessment Instrument is evaluated with self-esteem, loneliness, and internet addiction scales. According to the result of the study, there is a inverse relationship between family functioning, self-esteem, and low loneliness level and internet addiction. Self-esteem was parallel to and mediated family functioning, and loneliness was parallel to and mediated internet addiction. The second one is the research of Pace et al., which they investigated internet addiction with using Family Assessment Device. The study has investigated family functioning in 7 subdimensions: problem solving, communication, roles, affective responsiveness, affective involvement, behavioral control, and general functioning. According to the result of the research, negative emotions and loss of control that cause internet addiction have a inverse relationship with all the subdimensions of the family assessment scale. Affective involvement subdimension has a moderating role between loss of control and internet addiction. The research showed in both cases of high and low level of loss of control, if affective involvement is high, there is a low internet sensibility; if affective involvement is low, there is a high internet sensibility. The Relationship Between Parent-Adolescent Relationship and Internet Addiction The effect of parent-adolescent relationship on problematic internet use is investigated in 5 researches. The first one is the study of Xu et al. According to the result of the study, adolescents that have a bad relationship with their mothers are more prone to develop internet addiction than adolescents that have a good relationship. Adolescents with a parent who does not approve internet usage with strict attitudes are riskier to develop internet addiction than adolescents with a parent who approves. Adolescents with separated parents (parents that married but then got divorced) have the highest sum score and prevalence of internet addiction. The more bad relationship that an adolescent has with either parent, the riskier it is for her/him to have high sum score and prevalence of internet addiction.
doi:10.17719/jisr.2019.3748 fatcat:zwrslts4pjcgdejjhzwszfa5oq