Rat gastroduodenal motility in vivo: involvement of NO and ATP in spontaneous motor activity

Ian Glasgow, Kamal Mattar, Anthony Krantis
1998 American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology  
Rat gastroduodenal motility in vivo: involvement of NO and ATP in spontaneous motor activity. Am. J. Physiol. 275 (Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. 38): G889-G896, 1998.-Our studies of fasted anesthetized rats have shown that all spontaneous relaxations of the antrum are nitric oxide (NO) dependent. Duodenal motility is patterned into propagating "grouped" motor activity interposed with "intergroup" periods of nonpropagating motor activity; in the duodenum, only intergroup relaxations are NO
more » ... nt. We examined the involvement of NO and ATP in spontaneous motor activities of the gastroduodenum in vivo: contractions and relaxations were recorded and analyzed simultaneously from the antrum (S 1 ) and proximal duodenum (D 1 ) of anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats (n ϭ 10/group), using extraluminal foil strain gauges. Treatment with the NO synthase inhibitor N G -nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 10 mg/kg iv) attenuated (P Ͻ 0.05) antral and intergroup relaxations, whereas grouped relaxations were enhanced (P Ͻ 0.05). These effects were reversed with L-arginine (300 mg/kg iv). L-NAME also increased (P Ͻ 0.05) the amplitude of duodenal contractions. ATP (8 mg·kg Ϫ1 · min Ϫ1 iv) stimulated relaxations at S 1 and D 1 that were blocked by the P 2 -purinoceptor antagonist suramin (60 mg/kg iv). This treatment did not affect spontaneous antral relaxations; however, duodenal grouped relaxations were attenuated. Desensitization to the P 2x -purinoceptor agonist ␣,␤-methylene ATP (300 µg/kg iv) gave results similar to suramin. In contrast, the P 2y -purinoceptor agonist 2-methylthio-ATP (2-MeS-ATP; 360 µg/kg iv) evoked duodenal relaxations that were attenuated by L-NAME, and desensitization to 2-MeS-ATP attenuated intergroup relaxations. Spontaneous relaxations of the rat antrum and duodenal intergroup relaxations are NO dependent. Both gut regions relax in response to systemically administered ATP; this response is sensitive to suramin. Grouped duodenal relaxations display functional sensitivity to suramin and P 2xpurinoceptor desensitization, indicative of the involvement of ATP and P 2x purinoceptors. P 2y purinoceptors must also be present; however, these occur on elements releasing NO. Although NO does not mediate grouped relaxations or duodenal contractions, the sensitivity of these responses to L-NAME indicates that the pathway(s) controlling these responses is modulated by NO. nitric oxide; ␣,␤-methylene-ATP; 2-methylthio-ATP; gastroduodenum; relaxations METHODS The methodology used was developed in our laboratory for recording motor activity from the gastroduodenum of Sprague-Dawley rats (13). A brief description of the recording and analysis techniques is presented in Data recording and analysis. Downloaded from ter within the rat gastroduodenum, since treatment with L-NAME enhanced grouped relaxations. We propose that NO exerts a tonic neuromodulatory control over ATP-mediated relaxations within grouped motor activity. Moreover, this tonic neuromodulatory action of NO extends to the excitatory motor innervation of the duodenum. K.
doi:10.1152/ajpgi.1998.275.5.g889 fatcat:rknaag2utvedzkws5bbxdh4e3y