Crop residue management in arable cropping systems under temperate climate. Part 1: Soil biological and chemical (phosphorus and nitrogen) properties. A review

Lemtiri*, Aboulkacem, Degrune*, Florine, Sophie Barbieux, Marie-Pierre Hiel, Marie Chélin, Nargish Parvin, Micheline Vandenbol, Frédéric Francis, Gilles Colinet
2016 Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement  
Introduction. Interacting soil organisms support biological processes that participate in soil functions, organic matter decomposition, and nutrient cycling. Earthworms and microorganisms play a range of beneficial roles in agricultural systems, including increased organic matter mineralization, nutrient cycling, and soil structure stabilization.Literature. The following aspects of crop residue management effects are examined in this paper: (i) earthworm composition and structure; (ii) soil
more » ... obial communities; and (iii) phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) element availability and distribution in the soil profile. Conventional tillage (ploughing) is often reported to generate decreased soil organism abundance and diversity, primarily earthworms and microorganisms, as well as a uniform distribution of the nutrients P and N within the ploughed soil horizon. Soil residue incorporation of mineral particles can maintain P and N levels, however returning soil also increases aeration and the activation of microbial activity. Hence, comparisons of tillage effects on soil biological functioning and nutrient cycling remain unclear.Conclusions. This review highlights the challenges in establishing definitive evidence regarding the effects of crop residue management on soil organisms and nutrient dynamics. The studies examined reported variability in soil and climate, and the complexity of soil processes contributed to the absence of clear findings. Further research is required under temperate climate conditions.
doi:10.25518/1780-4507.13015 fatcat:jadbtmtgjfgwbhf37bhqxopgse