Endometrial Carcinomas with Intestinal-Type Metaplasia/Differentiation: Does Mismatch Repair System Defects Matter? Case Report and Systematic Review of the Literature

Laura Ardighieri, Andrea Palicelli, Federico Ferrari, Mattia Bugatti, Emma Drera, Enrico Sartori, Franco Odicino
2020 Journal of Clinical Medicine  
Intestinal metaplasia/differentiation in primary endometrial carcinomas is an uncommon phenomenon, with only few cases described. Material and Methods: We performed a systematic review of endometrial carcinomas with intestinal metaplasia/differentiation interrogating the electronic databases Pubmed, Web of Science, and Scopus, and we reported an additional case arising in a 49-year-old woman. Results: We identified only eight patients diagnosed with endometrial carcinomas exhibiting intestinal
more » ... etaplasia/differentiation, and additionally our case. Endometrial carcinomas with intestinal-type features can present in pure or mixed forms in association with usual-type endometrioid carcinomas; in mixed forms, the two neoplastic components may derive from a common neoplastic progenitor, as evidenced by the concomitant loss of MSH2 and MSH6 protein expression in our case. Disease recurrences occur in a significant fraction of the cases, including patients diagnosed in low-stage disease. Conclusions: Endometrial carcinomas with intestinal metaplasia/differentiation are rare and they may represent a more aggressive tumor variant, thus requiring a proper treatment despite the low-tumor stage. The ProMise classification should be performed also in these unusual tumors, since they can be associated with mismatch repair system defects.
doi:10.3390/jcm9082552 pmid:32781666 fatcat:x73rdfhgzrggdpudfiiqgkio4m