Trichology: A science of Hair examination in identification of dog breeds

2017 International Journal of Applied and Pure Science and Agriculture  
Presence of hair is a distinguishing character of Class-Mammalia. The microscopic characters, viz. hair colour, hair length, medullary index, pattern of medulla etc are specific for particular species. Thus hair taxonomic studies, called trichology, can be used in taxonomy, wildlife forensic, archaeology, food habitat studies etc. (Kennedy, 1982; Dagnall et al, 1995). Hair analysis not only identifies species, it can also discriminate the animal breeds. The use of trichology in above sited
more » ... in above sited fields provides excellent reliability, low cost and local breed studies. These will enable the demonstration of adaptability, resistance, hardiness and conservation of breeds (Felix et al., 2014). The present study was carried out to study the potential use, application and develop an identification keys for identifying various breeds of dogs from microscopic analysis of hairs. Since animals are involved in any types of crimes (Pilli et al., 2014), and DNA typing from animals enabled homicide investigations and convictions in U.S. and Canada (Halverson, Forensic identification of canine hairs: is heteroplasmy significant?), hair examinations of dog breeds will enable convictions in wildlife crimes where dogs are most commonly used.
doi:10.22623/ijapsa.2017.3055.fz1es fatcat:5o7op7rkwfbfjeye5npglkgeje