MoDL-QSM: Model-based Deep Learning for Quantitative Susceptibility Mapping [article]

Ruimin Feng, Jiayi Zhao, He Wang, Baofeng Yang, Jie Feng, Yuting Shi, Ming Zhang, Chunlei Liu, Yuyao Zhang, Jie Zhuang, Hongjiang Wei
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) has demonstrated great potential in quantifying tissue susceptibility in various brain diseases. However, the intrinsic ill-posed inverse problem relating the tissue phase to the underlying susceptibility distribution affects the accuracy for quantifying tissue susceptibility. Recently, deep learning has shown promising results to improve accuracy by reducing the streaking artifacts. However, there exists a mismatch between the observed phase and the
more » ... oretical forward phase estimated by the susceptibility label. In this study, we proposed a model-based deep learning architecture that followed the STI (susceptibility tensor imaging) physical model, referred to as MoDL-QSM. Specifically, MoDL-QSM accounts for the relationship between STI-derived phase contrast induced by the susceptibility tensor terms (ki13,ki23,ki33) and the acquired single-orientation phase. The convolution neural networks are embedded into the physical model to learn a regularization term containing prior information. ki33 and phase induced by ki13 and ki23 terms were used as the labels for network training. Quantitative evaluation metrics (RSME, SSIM, and HFEN) were compared with recently developed deep learning QSM methods. The results showed that MoDL-QSM achieved superior performance, demonstrating its potential for future applications.
arXiv:2101.08413v2 fatcat:2pq6zm4l2bfuhisnganstjylii