Embedded parabolic fiber lens for efficient fiber-to-waveguide coupling fabricated by focused ion beam

Henrik Melkonyan, Karen Sloyan, Mutasem Odeh, Ibraheem Almansouri, Matteo Chiesa, Marcus S Dahlem
2019 Journal of Physics: Photonics  
This work demonstrates an approach for simplifying fiber-to-chip (edge coupling) packaging by virtually eliminating the longitudinal alignment procedure (also increasing compactness and efficiency) through a fiber lens embedded into the structure of the fiber itself. A parabolic lens, fabricated using focused ion beam milling, with a diameter of 15 μm and height of 5 μm, was embedded 6.5 μm (the working distance of the parabolic lens) below the endfacet of the fiber. The lens focuses a 10.4 μm
more » ... focuses a 10.4 μm fiber mode into a spot size of 2.6 μm on the surface of an SMF-28e single-mode optical fiber. The properties of the fabricated lens were studied using the three-dimensional finitedifference time-domain numerical method, and the optimal parameters for maximizing the coupling conditions were extracted. The conversion loss of the lens is estimated to be around 0.5 dB. The insertion loss and lateral alignment of the proposed parabolic lens is comparable to a commercial lensed fiber, while directly ensuring the longitudinal alignment, easing the angular alignment, and providing additional mechanical and environmental robustness.
doi:10.1088/2515-7647/ab044f fatcat:znf7wc2h45c4fkgol6sckaneoa