Effect of Buteyko breathing exercise in newly diagnosed asthmatic patients

KB Prasanna, KR Sowmiya, CM Dhileeban
2015 International Journal of Medicine and Public Health  
Asthma is a chronic infl ammatory disease of the airways and is on the increasing trend owing to air pollution and urbanization. The use of alternative ways of treatment that are as effi cacious as the standard treatment is the need of the hour. This study was conducted to study the effects of Buteyko breathing exercise on the newly diagnosed asthmatic patients. Materials and Methods: Totally, 100 newly diagnosed asthmatic patients attending Tagore Medical college out-patient department were
more » ... department were randomly allocated into the interventional and the control group for a period of 2 months. The former were taught Buteyko breathing exercise while the control group was on standard asthma treatment. The effects were assessed using a pretested close ended Asthma Control Questionnaire and Pulmonary Function Tests. The results were given in mean with a standard deviation. Chi-square test was done to compare the results between the two groups and P < 0.05 is taken as signifi cant. The analysis was done by SPSS software version 13. Results: Among the 100 participants, majority of the participants were in the age group of 31-40 years. It was observed that there was an overall subjective improvement of asthma symptoms among the interventional group at the end of 2 months (which was statistically signifi cant) when compared to the control group. Also, there was an improvement in the pulmonary function in terms of peak expiratory fl ow rate in both the groups. Conclusions: The results of this study support the effectiveness of Buteyko breathing exercise over the standard treatment in the newly diagnosed asthmatic patients. Original Article Buteyko method was discovered by Russian clinical physician, Mr. Konstantin Pavlovich Buteyko, MD, PhD. Buteyko therapy aimed to reduce chronic hyperventilation. [7] Buteyko breathing would bypass the adverse effects of steroids, patient's quality of life could be improved and most importantly this would be cost-effective. Also, the patient compliance could be better than steroids. [8] Hence, this study was done to compare the effects of an alternative way of treatment over the high-cost steroid management which also has many adverse effects. Abstract Access this article online Website: www.ijmedph.org
doi:10.4103/2230-8598.151267 fatcat:qv35flzpkraq7fkcpevgta4h74