A Direct Link between Feature Tracking and Height Assignment of Operational EUMETSAT Atmospheric Motion Vectors

Régis Borde, Marie Doutriaux-Boucher, Greg Dew, Manuel Carranza
2014 Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology  
Height assignment (HA) is currently the most challenging task in the operational atmospheric motion vectors' (AMV) extraction scheme. Several sources of error are associated with the height assignment step, including the sensitivity of the HA methods to several atmospheric parameters. However, one of the main difficulties is to identify, for the HA calculation, the most significant image pixels used in the feature-tracking process. The most widely used method selects the coldest pixels in a
more » ... esentative target box (e.g., coldest 25%) to infer the height of the detected feature, irrespective of what was tracked. This paper presents a method based on a closer link between the pixels used for tracking and their HA. The individual contribution to the overall tracking cross-correlation coefficient is used to identify the most significant pixels contributing to the tracking. This approach has been implemented operationally at European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) to derive AMVs since September 2012. This paper details the method, gives specific examples, and provides a first glance at its performances and benefits for the operational AMV production.
doi:10.1175/jtech-d-13-00126.1 fatcat:eaxrq7khs5hnhbdae5p3b5hs5q