Far infrared Fourier transform spectrometer breadboard activities for the FORUM mission, ESA's 9th Earth Explorer

Charlotte Pachot, B. Carnicero Domínguez, B. Sierk, F. Mariani, S. Riel, H. Oetjen, G. Rodrigues, S. Ratzsch, D. Redlich, W. Posselt, E. Alberti, C. Mastrandrea (+9 others)
2021 International Conference on Space Optics — ICSO 2020  
Significant progress has been made over the past years in the understanding of Earth's climate; however, there are still uncertainties in the modelling of atmospheric radiative processes. The main radiative processes relevant for climatological models are related to atmospheric water vapour, clouds, and surface emissivity across the full thermal infrared spectrum. Whilst the mid-infrared outgoing radiation is currently measured from space (e.g. IASI), there is a lack of spectrally resolved
more » ... rements over a significant portion of Earth's thermal emission in the Far-InfraRed (FIR) i.e. between 100 and 667 cm-1 (15-100 micron). FORUM (Far-infrared Outgoing Radiation Understanding and Monitoring) has been selected as the ESA's ninth Earth Explorer mission in September 2019. FORUM aims at measuring the Earth's Top-Of-Atmosphere emission spectrum from 100 to 1600 cm-¹ (i.e. 6.25 to 100 μm). Two independent instrument concepts, based on a Fourier Transform Spectrometer, have been thoroughly studied in Phase A preparatory activities, including the development of a breadboard of the interferometer. In addition, critical technologies have been identified and subjected to comprehensive breadboard studies in order to mitigate development risks and to raise the Technology Readiness Level (TRL). This has led to the development and characterisation of several beamsplitter candidates, the measurement of the emissivity of the black coating for the on-board blackbody, the verification of noise and responsivity performance of pyroelectric detectors and the characterisation of the interferometer mechanism.
doi:10.1117/12.2599355 fatcat:ke4pg7czljgmzh76vihwixji2y