Substituent Effects in the Crystal Packing of Derivatives of 4′-Phenyl-2,2′:6′,2″-Terpyridine

Y. Klein, Alessandro Prescimone, Mariia Karpacheva, Edwin Constable, Catherine Housecroft
2019 Crystals  
We report the preparation of a series of new 4′-substituted 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridines: 4′-(3,5-dimethylphenyl)-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine (2), 4′-(3-fluoro-5-methylphenyl)-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine (3), 4′-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine (4), and 4′-(3,5- bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine (5). The compounds have been characterized by mass spectrometry, solid-state IR spectroscopy and solution NMR and absorption spectroscopies. The single-crystal X-ray diffraction structures
more » ... raction structures of 3, 5 and 6·EtOH (6 = 4′-(3,5-bis(tert-butyl)phenyl)-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine) have been elucidated. The molecular structures of the compounds are unexceptional. Since 3 and 5 crystallize without lattice solvent, we are able to understand the influence of introducing substituents in the 4′-phenyl ring and compare the packing in the structures with that of the previously reported 4′-phenyl-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine (1). On going from 1 to 3, face-to-face π-stacking of pairs of 3-fluoro-5-methylphenyl rings contributes to a change in packing from a herringbone assembly in 1 with no ring π-stacking to a layer-like packing. The latter arises through a combination of π-stacking of aromatic rings and N...H–C hydrogen bonding. On going from 3 to 5, N...H–C and F...H–C hydrogen-bonding is dominant, supplemented by π-stacking interactions between pairs of pyridine rings. A comparison of the packing of molecules of 6 with that in 1, 3 and 5 is difficult because of the incorporation of solvent in 6·EtOH.
doi:10.3390/cryst9020110 fatcat:nhk3l5ea6fghvoyc3izwibshoi