A Framework for Semantic Text Clustering

Soukaina Fatimi, Chama EL, Larbi Alaoui
2020 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
Existing approaches for text clustering are either agglomerative, divisive or based on frequent itemsets. However, most of the suggested solutions do not take the semantic associations between words into account and documents are only regarded as bags of unrelated words. Indeed, traditional text clustering methods usually focus on the frequency of terms in documents to create connected homogenous clusters without considering associated semantic which will of course lead to inaccurate clustering
more » ... accurate clustering results. Accordingly, this research aims to understand the meanings of text phrases in the process of clustering to make maximum usage and use of documents. The semantic web framework is filled with useful techniques enabling database use to be substantial. The goal is to exploit these techniques to the full usage of the Resource Description Framework (RDF) to represent textual data as triplets. To come up a more effective clustering method, we provide a semantic representation of the data in texts on which the clustering process would be based. On the other hand, this study opts to implement other techniques within the clustering process such as ontology representation to manipulate and extract meaningful information using RDF, RDF Schemas (RDFS), and Web Ontology Language (OWL). Since Text clustering is an indispensable task for better exploitation of documents, the use of documents may be more intelligently conducted while considering semantics in the process of text clustering to efficiently identify the more related groups in a document collection. To this end, the proposed framework combines multiple techniques to come up with an efficient approach combining machine learning tools with semantic web principles. The framework allows documents RDF representation, clustering, topic modeling, clusters summarizing, information retrieval based on RDF querying and Reasoning tools. It also highlights the advantages of using semantic web techniques in clustering, subject modeling and knowledge extraction based on processes of questioning, reasoning and inferencing.
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2020.0110657 fatcat:undy4wffzvgkxiopyhtys64zuu