Thoracic aortic aneurysm in a buck associated with caseous lymphadenitis

R.R. Pinheiro, A.M.X. Eloy, F.S.F. Alves, A. Andrioli, L.B. Santiago
2013 Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia  
This paper reports the clinical, bacteriological and pathological findings of a thoracic aortic aneurysm in a four-year-old Anglo-Nubian goat buck, related to a framework of visceral caseous lymphadenitis. General clinical examination showed heart rate of 75 beats per minute, respiratory rate of 20 movements per minute and ruminal movements of four movements per minute. Superficial lymph nodes were normal upon palpation. Rectal temperature was slightly high (40.5°C). Blood test showed an
more » ... st showed an intense leukocytosis (54,000/µL), characterized by strong neutrophil shift to the left. At necropsy, a large blood clot was detected in the thoracic cavity. The thickening of the myocardium and dilatation of the aorta in the thoracic portion, presenting a saculiform format was also observed. A large number of abscesses were disseminated in the media and intima layers of aorta. The aorta lumen obstruction by arterial plaques consisting of inflammatory infiltrate, predominantly neutrophilic was also detected. Abscesses were found spread in turbinate, rumen, reticulum, kidneys, liver, spleen, testicles and aorta wall. The microbiological exam of exudate confirmed Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis as the causal agent.
doi:10.1590/s0102-09352013000300012 fatcat:hzlukss5n5cjrmmdf7e72fxadi