Determinants of witnessed parental physical violence among university students in transitional Albania

G. Burazeri, G. Qirjako, E. Roshi, H. Brand
2010 Journal of public health  
A B S T R AC T Background We aimed to assess the extent and the socioeconomic correlates of witnessed parental physical violence among university students in Albania, a country in transition from rigidly structured socialism to a market-oriented system. Methods 2797 students (93% of all students) at the Medical Faculty, Tirana, filled out an anonymous structured questionnaire in April-June 2009. Information on witnessed father-to-mother physical violence during childhood and/or adolescence and
more » ... ociodemographic and socioeconomic data were collected. The association of witnessed parental violence with socioeconomic factors was assessed with multivariable-adjusted logistic regression. Results 736 (26.7%) of students witnessed father-to-mother physical violence, and 36 (1.3%) reported 'very often' witnessing episodes. In multivariable-adjusted models, independent predictors of witnessed violence were: low family income [odds ratio (OR) ¼ 2.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) ¼ 1.7-3.2], rural origin (OR ¼ 1.9, 95% CI ¼ 1.5-2.5), father's lower education and unemployment (OR ¼ 5.4, 95% CI ¼ 4.1-7.1 and OR ¼ 2.5, 95% CI ¼ 1.9-3.2, respectively) and mother's educational and employment advantage compared with the spouse (OR ¼ 2.7, 95% CI ¼ 1.9-3.8 and OR ¼ 2.2, 95% CI ¼ 1.6-2.8, respectively). Conclusion Father's socioeconomic disadvantage and mother's socioeconomic empowerment were each independently related to increased risk for witnessed father-to-mother physical violence among university students in this transitional patriarchal society. Health professionals in post-communist Albania should be aware of the ways in which witnessed domestic violence influences physical and psychological health of young adults.
doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdq034 pmid:20484161 fatcat:aw4334x2drbgpm7fpnmqj72td4