Rehabilitation Services: Why Should We Use Tele-Rehabilitation in Iran? Necessity and Application

Niloufar Rabanifar, Kianoush Abdi
2019 Iranian Rehabilitation Journal  
Use your device to scan and read the article online Dear editor-in-chief eople living in rural areas far from health care centers are more likely to require health care services because of their long-distance services and poverty [1]. Tele-rehabilitation is considered as one of the rapidly emerging and growing areas of telemedicine and a precious model for providing clinical services like assessment, treatment, and follow-ups, as well as reducing the length of time for hospitalization. In fact,
more » ... alization. In fact, this method can have similar or even better results compared to conventional interventions [2] and sometimes can be used as an alternative for ordinary services [3]. Why Tele-rehabilitation? In the conventional rehabilitation approaches based on care centers or hospitals, the patient should pass a distance for receiving treatment that requires wasting time and cost [2, 4] . Distance, insufficient resources, and mobility challenges may hinder access to evidence-based treatment [5], while Tele-rehabilitation can overcome these barriers and decrease the fatigue and non-discipline of traditional treatment sessions [2] . On the other hand, people involved in this area are helped by reducing the sense of isolation among the rural therapists, providing indirect training to them, and improving the stability in the areas with a high turnaround of therapists [6]. Tele-rehabilitation has considerable advantages, especially in telecommunications development. Communications development transfers the medical information and is of great importance for the patients, their families, caregivers, and therapists [7] . Telepractice can be a link between the family and the therapy team. Providing Tele-rehabilitation not only decreases the travel and its related problems but also makes the families focus more comfortably on the needs of their children. In addition, it decreases the dependency of the family on the therapist and enables the family to get involved with the treatment process directly [8] . This approach can have a positive effect on capacity, quality of life, self-efficacy, and commitment to people with disabilities [9]. Tele-rehabilitation can help the elderly to do their daily activities in order to improve their lifestyle and integrate them into society [3] . The development of technology, the Internet, the provision of minimum infrastructure, and the equipment of providers and recipients with smartphones, even in the most remote areas, increase the necessity of attention. The Applications of Tele-rehabilitation Tele-rehabilitation can have different clinical applications, including the evaluation of needs and environmental-individual factors, diagnosis, treatment and intervention, consultation, follow-up, and even the training of P
doi:10.32598/irj.17.4.293 fatcat:li7nmodhcjfovj54l3um3vnnra