Siege activities during the Thirty Years' War and their impact on the construction of modern fortresses in Pommern, Neumark and Schlesien

Grzegorz Podruczny
2019 Przegląd Zachodniopomorski  
Pommern, the historic Neumark (also Neumark) and Schlesien were areas where intensive warfare was taking place during the Thirty Years' War. This armed conflict not only permanently shaped the political geography of this part of Central Europe, but also propelled the development of siege art and contributed to the spread of the bastion fortification in this area. The bastion, as a new solution in the fortification, was born at the turn of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries in Italy, but very
more » ... in Italy, but very quickly spread throughout Europe. The bastions, five-sided defensive structures, were much better than the previous solutions -generally referred as bastei. Not only did they enable more effective defence using artillery but also protected the artillery of the defenders against the attacker's shooting. The precision of the flank fire provided by the bastion front and covering the whole foreground with fire, without 'blind' fields, again gave the defenders an advantage over the attackers. The advantage
doi:10.18276/pz.2019.4-09 fatcat:amndd3zmafhoteduxsbodiyzhi