Introduction: new directions in liquid crystal science

D. W Bruce, J. W Goodby, J. R. Sambles, H. J Coles
2006 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences  
While we are all familiar with liquid crystal displays, an industry currently worth more than $60 billion yr K1 and growing rapidly, fewer people are aware of the breadth of the subject of liquid crystals-one that represents the study of the fourth state of matter. Liquid crystals are found as essential elements in biological systems, soaps and detergents, sensor technologies and in the manipulation of electromagnetic radiation of various wavelengths. This meeting was designed to highlight both
more » ... d to highlight both the truly multidisciplinary nature of liquid crystal science and to feature those areas away from electrooptic displays; these issues are developed and summarized in more detail.
doi:10.1098/rsta.2006.1840 pmid:16973476 fatcat:utrbpfnmcrcujjkfz4madmctjy