Hydraulic conductivity and water retention in leptosols-regosols and saprolite derived from sandstone, Brazil

Fabrício de Araújo Pedron, Jessé Rodrigo Fink, Miriam Fernanda Rodrigues, Antonio Carlos de Azevedo
2011 Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo  
Leptosols and Regosols are soils with a series of restrictions for use, mainly related to the effective depth, which have been poorly studied in Brazil. These soils, when derived from sedimentary rocks should be treated with particular care to avoid environmental damage such as aquifer contamination. The purpose of this study was to verify the behavior of hydraulic conductivity and water retention capacity in profiles of Leptosols and Regosols derived from sandstone of the Caturrita formation
more » ... turrita formation in Rio Grande do Sul state. The morphology, particle size distribution, porosity, soil density (Ds), saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks), basic water infiltration in the field (BI) and water retention were determined in soil and saprolite samples of six soil profiles. High Ds, low macroporosity and high microporosity were observed in the profiles, resulting in a low Ks and BI, even under conditions of sandy texture and a highly fractured saprolite layer. The variation coefficients of data of Ks and BI were high among the studied profiles and between replications of a same profile. Water retention of the studied soils was higher in Cr layers than in the A horizons and the volume of plant-available water greater and variable among A horizons and Cr layers.
doi:10.1590/s0100-06832011000400018 fatcat:rmvhqkkhdrhzlje4t3wo6a3rcu