Interaction between Cholesterol and Calcium Ions in Solution

S. P. Marfey, R. Van Meter, M. E. Bartlet
1975 Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C - A Journal of Biosciences  
Dialysis rates of cholesterol, calcium chloride dihydrate and of their mixture in 90% aqueous dioxane through Visking cellulose membrane were characterized by half-escape times (t½) of 2.2, 1.0 and 10.5 hours, respectively. Slow dialysis rate observed with the mixture was due to complex formation between four molecules of cholesterol and two molecules of calcium chloride dihydrate, molecular weight 1800 to 2000. The association constant for this complex in 90% aqueous dioxane was estimated to
more » ... was estimated to be 3.9 × 1014. Rates of dialysis obtained with a natural protein membrane were in the reverse order to those obtained with cellulose membrane. Half-escape times for cholesterol, calcium chloride dihydrate and for their mixture were 0.6, 6.7 and 1.4 hours, respectively. Determinations of milliosmolality of the three solutions by freezing point depression indicated that in the mixture there were fewer osmotically active same molarity, also suggesting formation of the complex which was detected by dialysis experiments.
doi:10.1515/znc-1975-11-1203 fatcat:qpv227mwvjhrbkmbcj5zxg64eu