Anomalous Cepheids and Population II Blue Stragglers

James M. Nemec
1989 International Astronomical Union Colloquium  
AbstractRecent studies of anomalous Cepheids (ACs) and Pop II blue stragglers (BSs), including photometrically variable BSs (VBSs), are reviewed. The VBSs represent about 25% of the BSs, the majority of which are SX Phe short-period variables in the Cepheid instability strip. Mass estimates derived using various techniques suggest that both ACs and BSs are relatively massive (about 1.0–1.6 Me). The recent discovery that two BSs in the globular cluster NGC 5466 are contact binaries, and the
more » ... aries, and the earlier discovery that one of the BSs in ω Cen is an eclipsing binary, provide direct evidence that at least some BSs are binary systems. If all BSs are binaries, and the time scale for coalescence is a few Gyr, then the majority are likely to be coalesced. Because ACs and BSs are found in the same stellar systems, and are probably related through their evolution, it is highly likely that most ACs are also coalesced binary systems. The fact that ACs and BSs are found only in low density environments, suggests that they were primordial binaries.
doi:10.1017/s0252921100011544 fatcat:rhzbbpt2arctxj64f5n2347pfu