Cloning and functional analysis of P2X1b, a new variant in rat optic nerve that regulates the P2X1 receptor in a use-dependent manner

Gisela E Rangel-Yescas, Francisco G Vazquez-Cuevas, Edith Garay, Rogelio O Arellano
2012 Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis  
P2X receptors are trimeric, ATP-gated cation channels. In mammals seven P2X subtypes have been reported (P2X1-P2X7), as well as several variants generated by alternative splicing. Variants confer to the homomeric or heteromeric channels distinct functional and/or pharmacological properties. Molecular biology, biochemical, and functional analysis by electrophysiological methods were used to identify and study a new variant of the P2X1 receptor named P2X1b. This new variant, identified in rat
more » ... entified in rat optic nerve, was also expressed in other tissues. P2X1b receptors lack amino acids 182 to 208 of native P2X1, a region that includes residues that are highly conserved among distinct P2X receptors. When expressed in Xenopus oocytes, P2X1b was not functional as a homomer; however, when co-expressed with P2X1, it downregulated the electrical response generated by ATP compared with that of oocytes expressing P2X1 alone, and it seemed to form heteromeric channels with a modestly enhanced ATP potency. A decrease in responses to ATP in oocytes co-expressing different ratios of P2X1b to P2X1 was completely eliminated by overnight pretreatment with apyrase. Thus, it is suggested that P2X1b regulates, through a use-dependent mechanism, the availability, in the plasma membrane, of receptor channels that can be operated by ATP.
pmid:22508081 fatcat:jpjdmjxv3ffn7nzqjyad2nyvzm