Machine Learning Approach-Based Gamma Distribution for Brain Tumor Detection and Data Sample Imbalance Analysis

Gunasekaran Manogaran, P. Mohamed Shakeel, Azza S. Hassanein, Priyan Malarvizhi Kumar, Gokulnath Chandra Babu
2019 IEEE Access  
Recently, artificial intelligence applications in magnetic resonance imaging have been applied in several clinical studies. The analysis of brain tumors without human intervention is considered a significant area of research because the extracted brain images need to be optimized using a segmentation algorithm that is highly resilient to noise and cluster size sensitivity problems and automatically detects the region of interest (ROI). In this paper, an improved orthogonal gamma
more » ... mma distribution-based machine-learning approach is used to analyze the under-segments and over-segments of brain tumor regions to automatically detect abnormalities in the ROI. Further data imbalances due to improper edge matching in the abnormal region is sampled by matching the edge coordinates and sensitivity, and the selectivity parameters are measured using the machine learning algorithm. The benchmark medical image database was collected and analyzed to validate the efficiency and accuracy of the optimal automatic detection in tumor and non-tumor regions. The mean error rate of the algorithm was determined using a mathematical formulation. The system is evaluated based on experimental results that showed the method of orthogonal gamma distribution with the machine learning approach attained an accuracy of 99.55% in detecting brain tumors. This research contributes to the field of brain abnormality detection and analysis without human intervention in the health care sector. INDEX TERMS Magnetic resonance imaging, gamma distribution, machine-learning algorithm, brain abnormality. 12 2169-3536
doi:10.1109/access.2018.2878276 fatcat:7v42pwfz6fg53goerbiu5mazwq