Improved kernel estimation of copulas: Weak convergence and goodness-of-fit testing

Marek Omelka, Irène Gijbels, Noël Veraverbeke
2009 Annals of Statistics  
We reconsider the existing kernel estimators for a copula function, as proposed in Gijbels and Mielniczuk [Comm. Statist. Theory Methods 19 (1990) 445--464], Fermanian, Radulovi\v{c} and Wegkamp [Bernoulli 10 (2004) 847--860] and Chen and Huang [Canad. J. Statist. 35 (2007) 265--282]. All of these estimators have as a drawback that they can suffer from a corner bias problem. A way to deal with this is to impose rather stringent conditions on the copula, outruling as such many classical families
more » ... classical families of copulas. In this paper, we propose improved estimators that take care of the typical corner bias problem. For Gijbels and Mielniczuk [Comm. Statist. Theory Methods 19 (1990) 445--464] and Chen and Huang [Canad. J. Statist. 35 (2007) 265--282], the improvement involves shrinking the bandwidth with an appropriate functional factor; for Fermanian, Radulovi\v{c} and Wegkamp [Bernoulli 10 (2004) 847--860], this is done by using a transformation. The theoretical contribution of the paper is a weak convergence result for the three improved estimators under conditions that are met for most copula families. We also discuss the choice of bandwidth parameters, theoretically and practically, and illustrate the finite-sample behaviour of the estimators in a simulation study. The improved estimators are applied to goodness-of-fit testing for copulas.
doi:10.1214/08-aos666 fatcat:6dftuezg6rf77apoff3alh4wpm