Different oxidative burst patterns occur during host and nonhost resistance responses triggered by Xanthomonas campestris in pepper

Youn-Sig Kwak, Ki-Soo Han, Jung-Han Lee, Kyung-Hee Lee, Woo-Sik Chung, Kirankumar S. Mysore, Young-Sang Kwon, Hee-Kyu Kim, Dong-Won Bae
2009 Journal of Plant Biotechnology  
The hypersensitive reaction (HR) is the most common plant defense reaction against pathogens. HR is produced during both host-and nonhost-incompatible interactions. Several reports suggest that similarities exist between host and nonhost resistances. We assayed the pattern of generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and scavenging enzyme activities during nonhost pathogen-plant interactions (Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris/Capsicum annuum L.) and incompatible host pathogen-plant
more » ... thogen-plant interactions (Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria race1/Capsicum annuum L.). Both O 2 and H 2 O 2 accumulated much faster during nonhost resistance when compared to the host resistance. The scavenging enzyme activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and peroxidase (POX) were also different during the host-and nonhost-incompatible interactions. CAT activity was much higher during nonhost resistance, and several new isozymes of SOD and POX were detected during nonhost resistance when compared to the host resistance. Lipoxygenase (LOX) activity was higher in host resistance than nonhost resistance during the early stages of infection. Interestingly, the nitric oxide (NO) radical accumulated equal amounts during both host and nonhost resistance at early stages of infection. Further studies are needed to determine the specific pathways underlying these differences between host and nonhost resistance responses.
doi:10.5010/jpb.2009.36.3.244 fatcat:bx4wgrodwfhkjedfdi3zvnmuhi