Proximate composition and antioxidant activity of Syzygium cumini fruit grown at different regions in Bangladesh
The risk of degenerative diseases decreases with the consumption of high antioxidant containing fruits. This study aimed to analyze the proximate composition and antioxidant activity of pulp and seed of Syzygium cumini. Proximate composition was determined by following the AOAC method. Minerals and heavy metals were analyzed using a flame photometer and an atomic absorption spectrometer. In-vitro antioxidant activity was evaluated by using phosphomolybdenum, ferrous ion chelating ability assay
... ting ability assay and reducing power assay methods. In proximate composition analysis pulp contained significantly (p<0.05) greater amount of minerals than seed but seed contained a higher amount of protein and lipid than pulp. In the bioactive compound analysis, seed extracts possessed significantly (p<0.05) greater amount of Chlorophyll A, Chlorophyll B and total carotenoids. Additionally, seed extracts exhibited significantly (p<0.05) more total antioxidant capacity, reducing power and ferrous ion chelating ability compared to pulp extracts. This study revealed that the seed of Syzygium cumini contains significantly (p<0.05) higher amount of minerals, bioactive compounds and showed better antioxidant property. Therefore, Syzygium cumini seed can be a potential source of natural antioxidant in medicine and food production.