Novel Pituitary Actions of Epidermal Growth Factor: Receptor Specificity and Signal Transduction for UTS1, EGR1, and MMP13 Regulation by EGF
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is a member of the EGF-like ligands family, which plays a vital role in cell proliferation, differentiation, and folliculogenesis through binding with EGF receptors, including ErbB1 (EGFR/HER1), ErbB2 (HER2), ErbB3 (HER3), and ErbB4 (HER4). In mammals, many functional roles of EGF have been reported in the ovaries and breasts. However, little is known about the functions of EGF in the pituitary, especially in teleost. In this study, using grass carp pituitary cells
... arp pituitary cells as the model, we try to examine the direct pituitary actions of EGF in teleost. Firstly, transcriptomic analysis showed that 599 different expressed genes (DEGs) between the control and EGF-treatment group were mainly involved in cell proliferation, cell migration, signal transduction, and transcriptional regulation. Then, we further confirmed that EGF could significantly induce UTS1, EGR1, and MMP13 mRNA expression in a time-and dose-dependent manner. The stimulatory actions of EGF on UTS1 and EGR1 mRNA expression were mediated by the MEK1/2/ERK1/2 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathways coupled with both ErbB1 and ErbB2 in grass carp pituitary cells. The receptor specificity and signal transductions for the corresponding responses on MMP13 mRNA expression were also similar, except that the ErbB2 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway were not involved. As we know, MMP13 could release EGF from HB-EGF. Interestingly, our data also showed that the MMPs inhibitor BB94 could suppress EGF-induced UTS1 and EGR1 mRNA expression. These results, taken together, suggest that the stimulatory actions of EGF on UTS1 and EGR1 mRNA expression could be enhanced by EGF-induced MMP13 expression in the pituitary.