Juvenile idiopathic arthritis and the temporomandibular joint

Yasser Mohammed, Ola Saeed, Nayera Zaghloul, Sahar Samer, Samah Mahmud, Ahmad Abdulah
2012 Alexandria Journal of Medicine  
The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is one of the most underdiagnosed and undertreated conditions of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) because its involvement is often asymptomatic and the joint is difficult to examine. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate clinical as well as magnetic resonance imaging findings of temporomandibular joint inflammation among juvenile idiopathic arthritis patients and to detect the correlation between them, moreover with different disease
more » ... t disease parameters. Methods: Forty patients with JIA and 10 apparently healthy control subjects underwent clinical and post contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations for TMJs. MRI findings were scored. Clinical and laboratory disease parameters were recorded. Results: The clinical symptoms and signs of TMJ arthritis were detected in 35% and 62.5% of JIA cases, respectively. While TMJ disease was observed in 80% of patients using contrast enhanced MRI. The mean total MRI score was significantly higher in patients with active disease compared
doi:10.1016/j.ajme.2011.11.004 fatcat:4gyrgez26jgddkigi2dy52dnri